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Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland

Facts and figures - Embassy of Finland, Abuja : About Finland : Facts and Figures

EMBASSY OF FINLAND, Abuja

9 Iro Dan Musa Street, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Visas, residence permits only: +234 (0) 81 7245 46 44 (Mon-Thu, 1 pm – 4 pm)
Visa, residence permit and legalization e-mail: visa.aba@formin.fi
General Line: +234 (0) 803 785 1150, 0706 418 9000, 081 72454645 (office hours)
General e-mail: sanomat.aba@formin.fi
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Facts and figures 

Finland in Facts.

  • Independence: 6 December 1917
    Finnish flag has blue Nordic Cross on white background.The flag of Finland dates from the beginning of the 20th century. The blue colour represents Finland’s thousands of lakes and the white the snow at winter. Photo:MEK
  • Form of government: Parliamentary democracy
  • Parliament: 200 members in one chamber, elected every 4 years in a direct vote
  • Cabinet: Multiparty coalition cabinet
  • Head of State: President of Republic, elected every 6 years, two term maximum
  • Member of European Union since 1995
  • Capital: Helsinki
  • Time Zone: UTC +2, summertime + 3
  • Surface area (land & fresh water), sq km: 338,430

Indicators of development

Population (31.12.2010)

5,375,276

Average annual population growth rate, % (2005-2010)

0.4

Projected population 2030 (2009)

5.9  million

Languages (2010)

90% of the resident population spoke Finnish, 5% Swedish and 1% Russian as their native language

Religion (2010)

78% of the population were Lutheran and 1,1% Orthodox. 19,5% of the population had no religious affiliation (2010)

Human development index value (2010)

0.87

Human development index rank (2010)

16

Life expectancy (2010)

80.1

Median age (2010)

41.4

Net enrolment rate in primary education (2009)

96

Survival rate to last primary grade, % (2009)

97

HIV prevalence, % ages 15-49 (2009)

0.1

Under-five mortality rate per 1,000 live births (2009)

0.6

Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births (2005-2009)

4.7

Seats in parliament held by women, % of total (2011)

42.5

Population without clean water, % (2009)

0

Internet users per 100 people (2010)

86

Gross national income GNI, current USD (2010)

253 billion

GNI per capita, current USD (2010)

47,170

Gross domestic product (GDP) annual growth, % (2010)

3.6

General government debt, % of GDP (2010)

48.4

Official development assistance, % GNP (2010)

Official development assistance totalled EUR 1 billion, or 0.55% of gross national income

Public expenditure on health, % of GDP (2009)

8.0

Public expenditure on health, USD (2009)

2,560 (EUR 1,841)

Public expenditure on education, % of GDP (2009)

6.6

Corruption perceptions index (2010)

9.2

Corruption perceptions index, Rank of 180 states (2010)

4

Democracy index, Overall Score (2010)

9.19

Democracy index, Rank of 167 states (2010)

7

World press freedom index, Rank of 175 states (2010)

1

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